Getting nutrients from supplements might not be the right approach to live a long and healthy life, however, getting proper nutrients from food might be the key answer, a new survey suggests.
“Our outcomes bolster the possibility that, even though supplement use adds to an increased level of complete intake of nutrients, there are favorable results with nutrients from food that cannot be seen with supplements,” Fang Zhang, an associate professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University said in an announcement.
The scientists likewise said intake of particular supplements in large amounts, such as calcium, can be risky to health, exposing the individual to a greater risk of cancer and death, as per the survey, which was distributed Tuesday in the scientific journal Annals of Internal Medicine.
In particular, the risk related to cancer-associated deaths ascended with “additional dosages of calcium surpassing 1,000 mg/day,” as indicated by the university’s press release in regards to the discoveries. The intake of the same amount of calcium from foods did not give the same results to that of former estimates.
Concerning those with low consumption of nutrients, analysts likewise said that dietary supplements had no impact on the risk associated with premature deaths for those people. Or maybe, the group of researchers found signs that excessive intake of vitamin D supplements by people with no indication of vitamin D insufficiency might be related with a heavy risk of death from cancer and other associated ailments.
To get the outcomes, the researchers surveyed data of almost 30,000 grown-ups in the U.S. with a base age of 20 years. The data was gathered from a health survey carried out between 1999 to 2010. As per Live Science, in the national survey, individuals were asked about the foods they consumed in the course of the last 24 hours and what, assuming any, supplements they had devoured in the previous 30 days. From that point, individuals’ food habits were monitored for approximately six years.
Even before the survey ended, 945 of the individuals who partook in the national health survey were exposed to high risks associated to heart diseases and eventually died, while 805 died from cancer, as per the science journal.
Concerning the intake of food versus supplements, researchers at the University of Tufts found that the individuals who had “sufficient” measures of vitamin K or magnesium throughout the course of the study had a lower risk of premature death. On the other hand, they additionally identified the individuals who had satisfactory admissions of vitamin A, vitamin K, zinc or copper through food had a lower risk of being affected by heart diseases.